Scattered Thoughts and the One God

scatteredmind“My thoughts are scattered…”

It’s an observation I make frequently to myself, and one that I hear constantly from others. It is not that we think about many things (though we do), but we think many things about everything often with contradictions, questions, competing allegiances and inner struggles. The inner world of modern man is a noisy place.

This makes it very hard for us to hear the theme of the One in Scripture:

“I and the Father are One.”

“That they all may be one, even as I and the Father are one.”

“There is One Lord, One Faith, One Baptism, One God and Father of all…”

The theme carries forward into the Church:

“I believe in One Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church…”

Such words have a meaning for us, but that meaning is most often a distortion of their intent – for our experience of the One is almost wholly lacking. Our thoughts are scattered.

Our thoughts are scattered and at the same time they scatter everything they touch. Dmitru Staniloae describes this scattering:

Sense perception isn’t preoccupied in finding ties between the logoi of visible things [their inner created meaning], or even of viewing something in its unitary integrity, fully placed in its own logos; but it limits its interest to a partial aspect, drawn by the pleasure which this aspect promises it. It doesn’t work with a broad horizon, but it always sees only one aspect and forgets all the rest. The result is obvious. In this way, by the feeling led by pleasure, the world is divided into numberless, unrelated aspects without a tie between them…. The mind which serves feeling is itself bent toward various singular aspects, and isn’t concerned with the relationships between them, instead of seeing the unitary system of the reason which penetrates the world, and by this system the one God… [the mind also] forgets what it already knew, being divided into unrelated acts of knowing, because every moment it has received the impression of something isolated from everything else. This is the so-called scattering of the mind which the guarding of the mind, recommended by Christian asceticism, must deliver it from…. But this tears its nature to pieces; because instead of being kept continually in the equilibrium of its functions, it is abandoned successively, a prey to the extremes which are self-contradictory by their exaggerated exclusivity. Man is no longer a unitary being, the same at every moment of his life. The forgetting of God also has as a result the forgetting of self…  Orthodox Spirituality (Kindle Locations 1655 ff.)

When we speak of God as “One,” we fail to know what we mean. Our mind dashes about from the one of the mathematicians to notions of Trinity and to many various places. When Christ prays “that they may be one as we are,” we easily race forward to notions of a future unity of denominations or to some already existing “invisible” unity.

This scattering of the mind makes it difficult for us to perceive true Beauty. Beauty, as taught by the fathers, includes the relationship of the whole and the relatedness of all things. The fragmentation of our culture is one of the primary difficulties in seeing the Truth of our existence. We see elements of Beauty but often see the world at war with itself, failing to understand or know its proper meaning. People see a fragmented beauty of the human body, removed from the truth of our personhood, seen only from the point of view of our own gratification or various other distortions. These fragments are not therefore ugly, but their distortions only render the world more fragmented.

Cultures throughout the ages have generally been unifying forces in human existence.  Just as a people speak the same language, so their shared religion and ethos create a unified vision of what is good, true and beautiful. These various expressions of human life should not be confused with goodness, truth and beauty themselves, but they have always shared something in common with them. It is thus the case that all cultures have exhibited art and beauty. There is a harmony in Egyptian civilization, or Japanese civilization, etc., that allow us to see something of an “inner vision” held by a people at a given place and time. Even very isolated groups, such as early modern humans in Europe, had an art (likely religious in nature) that graced the walls of their caves. These cave paintings do not tell us much about the people who painted them, other than that they saw the world as beautiful and worth imaging. That alone makes us know that we are encountering people like ourselves.

But our modern world (particularly the modern, Western world) has seen a fragmentation of its culture and ethos. Its common religious world was shattered at the time of the Reformation, and has been shattered repeatedly in the centuries since by various ideologies, wars and competing visions. Today, there is no common vision within the modern world. Usefulness (utility), productivity, and marketability tend to drive our decisions. The result is a failure of Beauty in its traditional sense. Things can be usefully beautiful (Apple Computers), or productively beautiful (paper clips), or marketable (Bobble-Head dolls), but they stand alone, distinct and isolated, simply part of the myriad distractions that comprise our culture.

It is more than possible to have a culture that is merely useful, productive or marketable (at our best – this is our present world). However, even those shadows of the beautiful begin to shatter in the hands of fragmented minds. A fragmented mind is not capable of judging usefulness, productivity and marketability. Our concepts of such things are themselves distortions.

Intellectual products are affected by the same forces. Law has historically been among the most sublime efforts of civilizations. From Hammurabi’s Law Code to that of Justinian, efforts at justice have created safer and more balanced worlds. But as the fragmentation of culture (and our minds) reaches a certain point, the Law itself becomes an exercise in fragmentation. Simple statements of human rights become tortured wranglings within the courts, excuses for lawsuits rather than protections for human beings. The American Constitution was (and remains) a “beautiful” document, a testament to a moment of common vision relatively rare for its century. The same document could not have been produced a mere two decades later. It certainly could not be written with such elegance today.

I return to the problem of the One God. Modern theologies have begun to “qualify” the One God with the same concerns (and much the same content) that fragments modern law. “God” easily serves as a cipher for the vision of man – a place-holder for man’s highest ideals (this is the idolatry engaged in by all cultures and not at all the One God of the Christian faith). However, the “One God,” of the modern West fails to have even a single name. He is “He/She,” or other such silly epithets. Graduate schools of religion across the nation (in America) regularly require such abominable language of its students, imposing a new cultural orthodoxy in the name of its fragmented vision.

Within our fragmentation, nothing could be more obvious than the divisions of Christian believers. That the Church is one, is taught as clearly by the Scriptures as the unity of God Himself – and for the same reason. The Body of the One God cannot be two (much less 30,000). The ecclesiological crisis of denominationalism did not become apparent until the early 19th century on the American frontier. That period produced a great anxiety about the unity of the Church and saw the creation of various man-made efforts towards unity (Mormons started a new “one” Church; the Campbellites offered a new New Testament Church – today the “Church of Christ”; others created theories of the “invisible” Church in which a unity existed despite the apparent divisions). This “invisible” unity is so widely accepted today that those ancient Churches who reject the innovation (Orthodox, Roman Catholics, etc.) are considered to lack charity. Ours is not a culture that has any knowledge of “One.” We have corrupted our understanding.

Within Orthodoxy (and in a different manner, Rome) there remains an experience of the “One” preserved at least in the One Cup. By extension, the One Church is that which shares the One Cup. This sacrament of the One, offers a portal for approaching Christ’s teaching and revelation of the One God. But that revelation is deeply removed from the mathematical concept of the number one. It is also why discussions of the Church, particularly of the “One” Church are so problematic for the Orthodox. We say that the Orthodox Church is the “One Church,” and others hear us mathematically. Number has no place in the concept of the One Church, just as it has no place in the One God. That others want to make claims for the “many” as part of the “One,” demonstrates just how great is the problem created by schism and heresy.

I have no “ecumenical” solutions, only the proclamation of the One God made known to us in Jesus Christ. Knowledge of the One God makes possible (and at the same time) knowledge of our true self, and knowledge of the “universe” (a One-verse) in which we see the relatedness of all creation and its place in the revelation of the One God.

To behold creation in such a manner draws forth from the greatest depths of our being, the cry of original agreement, “It is beautiful (good)!”


A note: Conversations between the Orthodox and the Roman Catholics are ultimately about the One Church, and not about “two,” or other such concepts. The perception of the One is precisely the problem and thus not solvable by the many silly suggestions of those who do not understand the problem.


About Fr. Stephen Freeman

Fr. Stephen is a retired Archpriest of the Orthodox Church in America, Pastor Emeritus of St. Anne Orthodox Church in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. He is also author of Everywhere Present: Christianity in a One-Storey Universe, and Face to Face: Knowing God Beyond Our Shame, as well as the Glory to God podcast series on Ancient Faith Radio.


14 responses to “Scattered Thoughts and the One God”

  1. Dominic Albanese Avatar
    Dominic Albanese

    you know this is one of my big problems. when I was little in the fifth grade, the nuns tole us only catholics went to heaven, so I pipes up you mean pigmys who face danger every day to feed the kids cant go to heaven, nope she says, well I tell ya I been prett sour on the one answer deal for a long time now. I am orthodox I trust the fathers, I do also keep one eye on the people I know to be good and honest and upright who hold different beliefs, this whole notion only by one path has me poeaxed and always has, the abuse of all religon yes Orthodox too, anti semite and worse, but what can we do but stay humble and take the body and blood and be part of , the right to be confused and sceptical is part of the whole free will deal, I trust in mystery and the unseen by grace and faith the unwritten chapters will be revealed and then we see, for now Fr Steven keep up the work it serves us all

  2. Michael Bauman Avatar
    Michael Bauman

    Sin shatters oneness. We are made to be one with the Father, whole in ourselves, and one flesh with our spouse, so that our unity gives us the authority to dress and keep the earth and offer an acceptable offering of our sacred labor back to God because it reflects and shares the same oneness.

    The Body and Blood is offered to us so that we may return to the unity we eschewed in our vanity, arrogance and disobedience.

    Still we tend to glory in the shattered pieces of our own imagination worshiping the created thing more than our Creator and sink continually into the sparkling lure of multiplicity, utlity, futility. Seeking the new, the improved to restore our peace like some magic talisman.

    Anything but what is real, what is beautiful, what is eternal because we refuse to listen and take the one action Jesus asks: repent, for the Kingdom of Heaven is at hand which takes its healing power from our Lord’s word from the Cross: “Father, forgive them for they know not what they do.”

  3. Rhonda Avatar

    Hello, Fr. Stephen! It’s good to see you back posting again 🙂 I hope your AFR show went well & I greatly look forward to listening to it as soon as they upload the feed for those of us that could not tune in this evening.

    I listened going to & from work this evening an AFR podcast(s)–2 actually–that dealt with unity & one today. Thank you for your interesting thoughts which coincided with theirs.

  4. fatherstephen Avatar

    Rhonda, the good news is that the show isn’t until tonight! 8 pm Eastern.

  5. Rhonda Avatar

    Ah, that explains why I couldn’t find it in their podcasts after work last night! Well then, I hope that your AFR appearance goes well this evening. I work again this evening so I’ll have to catch it tomorrow!

    Kids home from college for the summer + retired husband off on the barrel racing circuit + me in a 3-wk intensive college class around a full-time 2nd shift job = not knowing whether I’m coming or going. I really hope my eternal destiny includes naptime 😉

  6. leonard Nugent Avatar
    leonard Nugent

    A note: Conversations between the Orthodox and the Roman Catholics are ultimately about the One Church, and not about “two,” or other such concepts. The perception of the One is precisely the problem and thus not solvable by the many silly suggestions of those who do not understand the problem…..Father this statement is true. I pray much for unity but it is a problem so difficult I don’t even try to imagine what it would look like of how it will come about. I constantly have to remind myself that I’m labor and not management

  7. fatherstephen Avatar

    I’ll be writing more on this later in the week. But I want to push its meaning much further than it might appear at first. Because our perception of the One is faulty, we often fail to perceive what the One Church itself is. It is a great mystery – among the greatest. Tragically, it is often not perceived as a mystery, just as another problem to be solved. It’s not labor/management, but far deeper.

  8. leonard Nugent Avatar
    leonard Nugent

    Father I was thinking a little while ago that the great mystery of baptism is very much connected to the great mystery of the One Church. Everyone who has been baptized into Christ has put on Christ! This is a deep mystery!

  9. Lewis Avatar

    As I watched the Memorial Day Concert on PBS, I perceived a oneness not often expressed in America. Veterans share a bond paid for with common commitment, obedience and blood. This is not the oneness of which you speak, Fr. Stephen, but it illustrates how a diverse group of men and women can belong to one another.

  10. PJ Avatar

    Bless our soldiers. Boys who were 9 and 10 years old on 9/11 are dying now in Iraq and Afghanistan. Bless them, O Lord.

  11. drewster2000 Avatar

    Great quote from Staniloae.

  12. Dino Avatar

    This fragmentation described above strike me as closely related to “our time’s” tendency to consider human problems as ‘psychological’, that is to say detached and individual, necessitating solutions from a psychoanalytic and psychiatric point of view, requiring individual therapy, ignoring Divine Grace, the depth of Man’s fall and the height of Deification as well as the existence of Satan.

    But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned. But he that is spiritual judgeth all things, yet he himself is judged of no man. (1 Corinthians 2:14-15)

    Orthodoxy testifies that the real troubles of man find their solution through a far deeper understanding of the universality of what we call Person/hypostasis, in Love, in an eschatological pan-unity in Christ and through the Holy Spirit, that releases man from the stalemate of psychologism and individualism.

    As Christ lived the tragedy of the whole world, yet did this containing Paradise rather than tragedy inside of Him (leaving His peace to His disciples) – the same happens of His deified friends. They assume the liability of all the evils that exist in the world, they lift the cross and live the tragedy of all sinners –of all Adam- without being in the tragedy but being in Christ – this is salvation.

  13. Dino Avatar

    Thank you Father for resolving this! it makes me very aware that maintaining a blog requires a great deal of work…

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