Mere Existence and the Age to Come

C.S. Lewis, in his marvelous little book, The Great Divorce, uses the imagery of “solidity” versus “ghostliness” to make a distinction between those who have entered paradise, and those who have not. He clearly did not mean to set forth a metaphysical model or to suggest “how things are.” But the imagery is very apt and suggestive when we take a look at what it means for something or someone to exist.

The nature of our secularized worldview is to take all that we see as a presentation of reality and truth. The daily world as we experience it is considered to be the very definition of reality. This is the natural world. Any other perception or presentation of reality is thus supernatural or something other than natural. For those who accept this definition, the onus is on those who suggest that reality is in anyway different than the daily perception of the modern secularized world. To be a “sceptic” is thus not to question everything, but to question everything other than what is perceived as normal and natural.

The Scriptures suggest a different perspective: “for the form of this world is passing away” (1 Cor. 7:31). The world in which we live is not “solid” in the sense of permanence – it is constantly changing and “passing away.”

The same can be said even of our own egos. They vary somewhat from day to day, often tossed about by fears and anxieties, shifting themselves as they encounter the trials of existence.

The Gospel of Christ speaks of a reality that is permanent and of an existence that has something of the same reality. Hebrews offers this description:

“Yet once more I will shake not only the earth but also the heaven.” This phrase, “Yet once more,” indicates the removal of what is shaken, as of what has been made, in order that what cannot be shaken may remain. Therefore let us be grateful for receiving a kingdom that cannot be shaken, and thus let us offer to God acceptable worship, with reverence and awe; for our God is a consuming fire (12:26-29).

St. Paul tells us:

If then you were raised with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ is, sitting at the right hand of God. Set your mind on things above, not on things on the earth. For you died, and your life is hidden with Christ in God. When Christ who is our life appears, then you also will appear with Him in glory (Col. 3:1-4).

Our true life – our authentic existence – is not to be found among “the things on the earth.” Our life is something that will appear with Christ when He appears. Of course, this does not restrict our true life to a manifestation at the Second Coming. The Christ who is coming, is also the Christ who is even now “in our midst.” Thus, being in Christ is also the path to our own true existence.

This is perhaps the most difficult aspect of the Christian life. Most often we substitute the ego for our true self – we struggle to learn “to behave” as a Christian. But such efforts only lead us into the world of concepts and arguments, morality and guilt. We do not invent our true self, our authentic existence – it is a new creation and is found only in Christ.

St. John the Baptist offers the observation between himself and Christ, “He must increase and I must decrease.” Though this does not mean the disappearance of John, but the fulfillment of John in Christ. In Christ he becomes the Forerunner, the Baptizer and Prophet. He becomes who he was created to be (and prophesied in the Scriptures) and who is ever is in eternity.

Christ must increase and I must decrease. As I decrease so do the false images I cherish of myself. The anxieties that surround me decrease. Lies and deceit decrease for in Christ is only truth. Such a decrease is not the end of my existence but its beginning.

The stories we have in Scripture with regard to a number of characters are marked by this decrease and increase. St. Paul’s transformation (likely preceded by much inner struggle and pain) is one that comes easiest to mind. His decreased is expressed in the image of the Cross: “I am crucified with Christ, nevertheless I live, yet not I but Christ liveth in me…”

“Yet not I.”

The great patriarch Jacob struggles through a lifetime to realize his true self as “Israel,” culminating in his wrestling with the angel. Jacob’s decrease did not result in his annihilation but his fulfillment.

This pattern is repeated again and again in the lives of holy men and women within the pages of Scripture and within the lives of the saints. It is the not only the path to holiness – but also the path to our true humanity.

Learning to live this new existence is the heart of the Christian life. Finding language to describe a new existence is difficult. For lack of a better term, I would describe it as a new mode of existence. Met. John Zizioulas describes this as the ecclesial hypostasis (thus you can see my preference for “mode of existence”). We do not create such a mode or reform ourselves into such a manner of being – it is God’s gift, given to us in Christ. We are baptized into this existence (“raised in the likeness of His resurrection”). For a variety of reasons we often prefer the path of self-creation and reform – always a losing proposition.

And it is precisely at this point (the lost proposition) that the in-breaking of the life of the world to come becomes possible. It is not unlike the helplessness that an alcoholic admits when he says, “I came to find that my life was unmanageable and that only a power greater than myself could help me.” Of course, such moments go more easily than they come.

The heart of the spiritual life is not to be found in our efforts to do better or in other lost propositions – the heart of our true life is found precisely in our helplessness and its union with Christ. The disciplines of fasting, prayer, almsgiving, confession, etc., are not given to us for our improvement, but to bring us back to the moment of helplessness and to keep us as close as possible to that moment at all times.

I believe, O Lord, and I confess, that thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God, who camest into the world to save sinners, of whom I am first.

In such a confession we find the life of the world to come – our own true life.

About Fr. Stephen Freeman

Fr. Stephen is a retired Archpriest of the Orthodox Church in America, Pastor Emeritus of St. Anne Orthodox Church in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. He is also author of Everywhere Present: Christianity in a One-Storey Universe, and Face to Face: Knowing God Beyond Our Shame, as well as the Glory to God podcast series on Ancient Faith Radio.





14 responses to “Mere Existence and the Age to Come”

  1. davidperi Avatar

    Just finished reading “The Power of the Name” by Fr George Morelli. He writes that “looking back at Church history, we see that secularists, post-modernists and those who espouse political correctness, and those who promote inclusive language in Scripture and prayer affect the Church in the way that the heresies of old did. Secularism, while not formally recognized as a heresy, functions in man of the same ways the ancient heresies did, in that it over-throws the understanding of man and God (Christian anthropology) received through tradition.”

  2. fatherstephen Avatar

    Great point, David. Makes me want to read the book.

  3. Catherine Varkas Avatar

    Well, then, what is the difference between waiting for Parousia and living now to strive for theosis???

  4. Mrs. Mutton Avatar
    Mrs. Mutton

    Loved the post — it speaks to my own experience (and surely, the experience of most of us here) — then read David Peri’s comment, which took it to a whole new level! Thanks to both of you! (And now I’m off to find Fr. George’s book.) 😉

  5. Robert Avatar


    I do not think there is a difference, nor does this post imply there is. Waiting is rarely if ever understood scripturally as passivity on the part of the believer. Theosis is not be thought of as living for the here and now, even though it occurs in the here and now. Rather than to see the two (parousia and theosis) as mutually exclusive or opposed the church sees one as the fulfillment of the other – theosis is an active waiting anticipating its completion in the second coming.

    Perhaps surprising to most Orthodox, there is a strong and long running current within Protestantism that upholds such an opposition – theosis and the contemplation of God is confined to the eschaton. Christian mysticism as taught and practiced by the Fathers is understood as a deviation and deformation, resulting in the discrediting of monastics and monasticism.

  6. James the Brother Avatar
    James the Brother


    I have not read that book but am intrigued by your comment. Can you eludicate a bit on what you mean by “inclusive language etc.” please. I just can’t put that together or I am missing something. Thanks in advance.

  7. fatherstephen Avatar

    Interestingly, the fathers mostly speak of theosis in the context of Holy Baptism, which is indeed the new life in Christ, which we both have and strive for and receive as a gift, both now and in the fullness of the age to come.

  8. Yannis Avatar

    Great post.

    If i may comment (although i am sure that this is implied in the post), while man should be receptive and trust more in God than in his own power – it is very important for him to do this in the midst of doing his part in life.

    Since most of our struggle is to actually accept and learn to be who we are, to find all the wrong conceptions and mental dispositions that prevent us from being thus, we need to do effort by succumbing to principles and accomplishing actions. In that sense, learning to play chess, or cooking or doing one’s job, is no different than spiritual work at a very fundamental level – for in doing, or better still in the manner of doing, everything is revealed; the ego and the Self, devil and God. Hence praying can be “without ceasing”. It is the very heart that coordinates and motivates the action, its spirit.

    The Holy Fathers describe theosis and salvation as a synergy, ie a collaboration between human effort and Divine mercy.

    But of course the problem the post is addressing, is that the modern world teaches self-reliance and self-achievement. They are both as false as the devil, for they are ego perspectives. They isolate, divide and see in competition. And the gap they leave in man’s heart cannot be replaced neither by money, nor better houses or better cars or fancy holidays or expensive psychiatists, or more lovers (at once or in time).

  9. davidperi Avatar

    Forgot to mention that I found this 7 or 8 page article online. It is an Orthodox Today mag. Just google the article name and it comes up quickly.

  10. zoe Avatar

    Thank you, Father Stephen.

  11. Micah Avatar

    Ah David, if only we could just google God. I wonder what would happen then…

  12. Jeremiah Avatar

    This post describes in a deeper way, what I was trying to express in my own reflection on the pre-communion prayers of the Church. I have been purposing to participate as much as I can in the life of the Church, even before I am received. For several months now I have been observing the strict fast prior to Liturgy. That was one step toward being prepares Then my priest pointed me to the prayers of the Church, spoken the evening before, and the morning of Liturgy. So I purposed to pray the prayers at the prescribed times, to participate further with the Church. It was quite an experience.

  13. davdperi Avatar

    I just have to add that this site may have excellant articles. One of them to read is on Logismoi or assaultive thoughts at:

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