The Sacrament of the Present Moment


There is a wonderful translation of Jean-Pierre De Caussade’s  Self-Abandonment to Divine Providence, which bears the same title as this post. I am borrowing the phrase, not to comment on the volume (though I highly recommend it), but to bring into focus something of at least equal importance.

It is the reality of our moment by moment encounter with God. We confess that God is everywhere present and fills all things, but we still largely walk through the world treating all the things that we encounter as just that – things. We carry no sense within us that God is in fact sharing His life with us in and through all things.

This goes to the very heart of living life as though the world were secular, of living life in a “two-storey” universe – the storey in which we live being the one not inhabited by God.

It has been a common observation that when various reformers set about to reform the Church, they declared “all days to be holy days,” and thus rid the calendar of any particular holy day. The unintended result was that before long not only were all days not holy days, no day was a holy day.

In the same way, the decrees concerning the “priesthood of all believers” rather than making every individual a priest, became a meaningless phrase, for without the sacramental priesthood, the phrase lost its reference of meaning. No one had seen or dealt with a priest so to be told that they had some kind of “priesthood” from Christ was meaningless.

The same has been true of the more recent democratizations of the liturgy where the “people” gather around the altar and God is in our midst. Somehow, God becomes lost. All boundary between myself and the holy disappear and I can no longer know the holy.

Strangely, most of these reforms were not misguided. They were rooted in Scriptural truth and embodied a certain amount of truth. But invariably they were reforms that were lost in the “law of unintended consequences.” The general principle triumphed over the particular instance and the result was the abolition of something important.

But God is indeed “everywhere present and filling all things.” One of the clearest examples of this in Scripture is to be found in the resurrected Christ’s encounter with the two disciples on the road to Emmaus. They conversed and the disciples did not recognized Him. Indeed, their hearts “burned” within them as they walked along and He instructed them in Scripture concerning the Christ. But things became clear – they recognized the risen Lord when He stopped with them for the evening meal. There He “took bread, blessed, broke and gave it to them,” and we are told, “their eyes were opened.” Those four verbs, “take, bless, break, and give,” are always used in Eucharistic encounters in Scripture. They are keys for our understanding. Nonetheless, the Scriptures do not say that there was a “formal” liturgy or even a clearly demarcated sacred meal. Only that Christ was present, and that He “took bread, blessed, broke and gave it too them.” And He was made known to them.

The Eucharist reveals Christ to us. But as Fr. Alexander Schmemann always noted, the Eucharist not only reveals Christ to us, it also reveals the true nature of creation to us. Bread can no longer be the same if Christ has taken it and made it His body.

It is always possible, indeed it has already happened, that we build a fence around that sacred moment and confine it to the liturgy itself. Outside the service, everything returns to “normal and ordinary,” and the Orthodox become as secular as every Christian around them. This is a denial of the Orthodox faith.

God is “everywhere present and filling all things,” thus there is no “normal and ordinary,” no “secular.” Everything is changed. There is no eating of bread that is not a communion with God. There is no encounter with a tree that is not an encounter with the hard wood of the cross, the “weapon of peace.”

In Jeremiah (23:23-24) we read:

Am I a God at hand, saith the LORD, and not a God afar off? Can any hide himself in secret places that I shall not see him? saith the LORD. Do not I fill heaven and earth? saith the LORD.

We do not have a “neutral zone” where we live apart from God. Instead, we have zones of ignorance, where believing Christians live as unbelievers, awaiting their next attendance at a “God permitted” zone.

No, the truth is that God has united Himself not only to humanity in the incarnation, but to matter itself. Man is the “microcosm” according to the Fathers, a “little cosmos” in himself. This is most fully and completely true in Christ, who has truly summed up the cosmos within Himself. Thus we look forward to the redemption and resurrection of the whole created order and not just man (Romans 8). 

Thus we are never separated from God who is freely with us, but also giving Himself to us in everything around us. This is no profession of pantheism. God has not become everything else. But everything else holds the possibility of encounter with God as surely as the holy water within the Church or every sacrament He has given us. “The earth is the Lord’s and the fullness thereof.”

Fr. Schmemann said that there were two “no’s” in his life and one “yes.” “No” to secularism; “No” to religion as a human institution; and “Yes” to the Kingdom of God. I am saying nothing different.

This carries us as well to this great season of Lent. We begin by formally asking forgiveness of each member of the Church. But if such a service were confined to Forgiveness Vespers, then not even all the members of the Church would have participated. But, in truth, it only occurs in Church so that we may be taught our true relationship with everyone and everything around us. Repentance is not a legal state in which we say, “I’m sorry,” so that we can hear, “You’re forgiven.” Repentance is part of the true state of human beings, a small part of the larger humility that is our true natural state of being. God Himself is humble (cf. Philippians 2:5-11). In figurative terms, the Old Testament even speaks of God “repenting Himself.” It is the simple openness of ourselves to others and the truth of their existence, and the true existence of all things as revealed in Christ. Only the pure in heart shall see God (Matthew 5:8) and is also true that only the pure in heart see anything as it truly is.

So this brings us to the “sacrament of the present moment.” Everything, everyone, every place, filled with God, becomes a moment of communion and theophany. Thus we pray for the whole world, and finally know the fullness for which God is preparing us.

And lest we forget, forgiveness reaches backwards in time, and thus not even the past is fixed in some secular mode, but is subject to the Spirit of God and may be changed by my forgiveness. As God has promised through His beloved Apostle:

For he has made known to us in all wisdom and insight the mystery of his will, according to his purpose which he set forth in Christ as a plan for the fulness of time, to unite all things in him, things in heaven and things on earth. In him, according to the purpose of him who accomplishes all things according to the counsel of his will (Ephesians 1:9-11).

And because the existence of all is underwritten by the Good God (“in Him we live and move and have our being”) we are in no way the lords of our own existence. We do not control history nor its outcome. Acts of murder do not remove the existence of our victims, only increase our own distance from the truth of existence. There is no place to run, to flee, to hide ourselves from the truth which resides in God and it is to this truth that we must finally be reconciled if we are ourselves to stand in the truth at the end of all things. And so to everything that is we announce the goodness of the Kingdom of God and ask forgiveness of everything and everyone and for all time. Less than this would not be the fullness of life. Glory to God for all things.

About Fr. Stephen Freeman

Fr. Stephen is a retired Archpriest of the Orthodox Church in America, Pastor Emeritus of St. Anne Orthodox Church in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. He is also author of Everywhere Present: Christianity in a One-Storey Universe, and Face to Face: Knowing God Beyond Our Shame, as well as the Glory to God podcast series on Ancient Faith Radio.


12 responses to “The Sacrament of the Present Moment”

  1. Wes Ellis Avatar

    Absalutely brilliant post!
    I have been wrestling with these issues for quite some time. What I am trying to learn is participation and appreciation. Participation in the presence of God, and in “truth.” And appreciation for the holiness of “things.” We live in a world drenched in the presence of God and only occasionally are our eyes awakenned to God.

  2. Wonders for Oyarsa Avatar

    Thanks Father Stephen – so poignant and deeply true. The holiness of the sacrament is not to set itself wholly apart from our lives, but rather to elevate our lives by centering them around what is holy. So the ordinary meals and hospitality we have in our homes become an extension of the mystery we enact in Church. In our dining room we have the icons of the Hospitality of Abraham, The Wedding at Cana, and the Mystical Supper on the wall to remind us of this very thing.

    I am reminded of the incident with Korah and Moses. Korah has the same argument – that Moses has exalted himself too highly, and that Aaron is hoarding the priesthood to one family when the entire nation was to be a nation of priests. But he misunderstands the way of the God of Jacob – who chooses a single man/family/nation/species to be set apart as the platform for pouring his blessings onto all.

    I do have a question though. The pull of entropy is so strong on our lives, that it is so easy to loose sight of how sacred every bit of it is. How do you maintain that clarity of vision in everyday life?

  3. fatherstephen Avatar


    With great difficulty. but first we begin by recognizing them in the Church and then extending the Church to the whole of Creation. I had the sort of clever thought somewhile back (actually at the Symposium for Angicans interested in Orthodoxy) in which I said, “I was born Orthodox. But I spent 43 years in schism from myself.” Which, if we believe Orthodoxy to be the truth, is, in fact, a proper Orthodox point-of-view. It’s the only way the statement “I came home” makes any sense. And, of course, it is indeed the truth.

    We should unite ourselves to Christ, and then refuse to make all creation be in schism with Him. There are some other practical things, perhaps I’ll devote a posting to the topic.

  4. Margaret Avatar

    Thank you, Fr. Stephen, for this posting. It is a blessing to my life, as I also have been wrestling with this. I look forward to any practical things you wish to add, but I appreciate very much the encouragement found in this post. Indeed, Glory to God for all things!

  5. David Bryan Avatar

    “Strangely, most of these reforms were not misguided. They were rooted in Scriptural truth and embodied a certain amount of truth. But invariably they were reforms that were lost in the ‘law of unintended consequences.’ The general principle triumphed over the particular instance and the result was the abolition of something important.”

    Well said. It is often difficult to engage questions — both from others and, still, from within my own heart — that relate to “why this way liturgically, why that sacramental office, why this codified and ecumenically sanctioned path to salvation”…and not another, perhaps equally valid way to commune with God. While the motive, as you say, is not misguided — most serious Evangelicals desire communion with God, or at least claim as much — the insistance on calling everything into question for the sake of being heartfelt and sincere before God has led them, unintentionally for the most part, into a dead-end spiritually, where all is supposed to be dedicated to God but nothing, in the end, really can be.

    Conversely, we can get caught up in the liturgical forms, lust for clerical office, and ecumenical stamps of approval that we forget the one thing needful: the use of all this to commune with God. Thank you for your post reminding us of that.

  6. Ioannis Freeman Avatar
    Ioannis Freeman

    No more than an hour ago, I listened to the most recent “Glory to God” podcast, which I had downloaded to my handy piece of consumer audionics to pass still other audio-philes on the backstreets of South Beach (Miami Beach, FL.–my home at present). Doubtless all of us were “tuned in” and “tuned out.” But, I remarked inwardly, not all of us actually receive snail mail in this little strip of “la-la” land. Many fellow audiophiles on South Beach right now are one-week snowbirds who call this island their home, too, if only for a “Spring Break.”

    Upon return home, I powered up my gadget called “computer,” and again reflected on part of what I consider “sacramental living,” which is the blog site for “Glory to God.”

    The pericopes from today’s Divine Liturgy were hitting me on the walk home as was one of Father Stephen’s conclusions in the podcast regarding divine grace as popularized versus divine grace as lived in a sacramental community. Tomorrow’s pericopes for the Sunday of Orthodoxy also came up for another chew–like a cow, I chew my cud of Holy Scripture. Simple ’nuff said: I needed to ruminate on the Feast of the Lamb.

    It tasted like “God is good.” With no other morsel to flavor my “spiritual” mouth, the taste of goodness sated my appetite, but not for long.

    “Taste and see that the Lord is good…” Psalm 34/33:8; in gratitude, the Psalmist did not play another card such as “Taste and think about the goodness of the Lord.”

    Then, with an icon of St. Cuthbert of Lindsfarne near me, inviting me to the Gospel again, I tasted the words of the Apostle to the Church at Ephesus (as above): “…he set forth in Christ as a plan for the fulness of time, to unite all things in him.” It hit me, all of us are visitors by grace in what might be called the present moment, or what others just celebrate as “Spring Break.” Now is the fulness of time.

  7. […] <Click Here> […]

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  9. ecumenicus Avatar

    This is just beautiful! Thank you!

  10. george Avatar

    its a good book

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  1. Greetings, Father Stephen, Thank you so much for this reflection and all of the tremendous amount of work you have…

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