Everything Is In Motion

For years I have been told that the meaning of the word hamartia (translated “sin”) means “to miss the mark.” This is certainly accurate. However, the image I have always had in mind has been an arrow aimed at a target and missing the bull’s eye. Thus I have thought of my life as a moral effort to hit the target. This is not incorrect but it leaves out important information. God is the target (not an abstract moral standard) and we ourselves are the arrow. There is a great tendency in our thought to conceive things in stationary, static images. Such images are easier to conceive and explain. Setting everything in motion complicates our efforts to comprehend. However, it is essential to understand that everything is in motion. Oddly, this concept is not some post-modernist imagery of dancing Wu-Li Masters: it is part of the teaching of the fathers of the Church.

The idea of movement and change (both in time and space) was not original with great teachers of the Church (such as St. Basil, St. Gregory of Nyssa, Pseudo-Dionysius or St. Maximus the Confessor). These thoughts originated long before with philosophers such as Plato and Heraclitus. But the fathers of the Church took up the concept and refined it for the use of Christian theology. God’s creation (as we should well know) is everywhere in motion. Every object in the universe is moving (further apart we are told). Even the particles of matter that compose so-called stationery objects (such as rocks) are in motion. Nothing is completely at rest. It is odd for a modern man to discover that such thought is in no way new. However, movement is not the only thing of importance in this patristic understanding of creation. Everything is in motion, and everything has its direction. That direction is its purpose – its reason for existence and reason for continuing in existence. This reason is its logos. The Logos of all logoi (plural), is Christ Himself.

In the beginning was the Logos, and the Logos was with God and the Logos was God. All things were made through Him…  (Jn. 1:1)

Each of us has a purpose and reason for existence. For human beings (and all creation), that purpose is union with God.

… [God has made known to us] the mystery of His will, according to His good pleasure which He purposed in Himself, that in the economy of the fullness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven and which are on earth…

It is this purpose and direction that are the mark towards which we move. Whatever causes us to deviate from that mark is what is meant by the Biblical word “sin.” Moving away from the mark distorts our purpose, our inner relationship with God. The result is death and corruption. Christ restores our right relationship with God and through that living communion restores our purpose and direction. We move rightly towards the end for which we were created. Salvation, like all things in God’s creation, is dynamic and not static. Those who reduce salvation to a single moment, “I was saved,” run the risk of distorting the proper understanding of the Christian life. The injection of discrete moments of history (“I made a decision for Christ”) can be misunderstood as describing something which happens once and is finished. But we are moving. A “decision for Christ” is properly a description of a direction rather than a destination.

As directions, our lives need to be referred to Christ at  every moment and in every place. Living as part of a vast swirl of movement can be dizzying. It is little wonder that we want to re-imagine the universe in a stable, static form. But the universe will not stand still for such imagination. It continues to swirl while we stare at our delusion. It is customary in some of the monasteries of Mt. Athos to set the central chandelier in motion during the singing of the “polyelion” (the hymn “for His mercy endures forever”) of the all-night vigil. Sometimes the lamps before the icons swing as well. I have heard it described as representing the dancing of the angels before God. It certainly incorporates movement within the worship of the Church. For the liturgy is a great dance – the proper movement of creation itself. We were created as a movement. The continual offering of ourselves to God in praise and thanksgiving is the fulfillment of our very being. We do not need to comprehend the universe. We need to be swept towards Christ.

About Fr. Stephen Freeman

Fr. Stephen is a priest of the Orthodox Church in America, Pastor Emeritus of St. Anne Orthodox Church in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. He is also author of Everywhere Present and the Glory to God podcast series.



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10 responses to “Everything Is In Motion”

  1. Allen Long Avatar

    Wow! Thank you, Fr. Stephen!

  2. Dallas Avatar

    This blessed me.

  3. Fr. Thomas Avatar
    Fr. Thomas

    Wonderful. I love the reminder that we are the arrow instead of just our moral effort being the arrow.

    The words that begin to stir within me as a result of reading this post are the “abiding” and “stillness”.

    Could you help me integrate these two words with the theme of “movement”?

  4. Michael Bauman Avatar
    Michael Bauman

    An arrow when it flies flexes back and forth following the general line in which it was loosed. However if the arrow is too stiff (it does not flex enough) that can cause the arrow to move off line. If the arrow flexes too much, that too can disturb the flight of the arrow. Each arrow must be tuned to the strength of the bow. The stronger the bow, the stiffer the arrow has to be, but always it must flex. It is better to be too stiff than too loose.

    So it is in our spiritual lives and why we need good spiritual guidance.

    Life tends to be a dynamic, multidimensional Fibbronacci sequence. Or so my mother taught me.

  5. fatherstephen Avatar

    Fr. Thomas
    There’s a variety of ways. The fathers especially emphasized the “stillness” of God – that He does not change – while all created things do change. But our change is a movement (their preferred word rather than change). And the movement has a direction – towards God. There is a kind of stillness that comes within us when we are in fact united to Christ and in obedience to His commandments. This can be a merely psychological stillness – which is fine – but not yet the spiritual stillness that can come if our hearts enter into true repentance.

    “If you keep My commandments, you will abide in My love, just as I have kept My Father’s commandments and abide in His love. (Joh 15:10 NKJ)

  6. Gregory Manning Avatar
    Gregory Manning

    I was reminded by some of your remarks of Frederica Mathewes-Green’s observation about being “saved”. Unlike the standard response “I have been saved” the Orthodox response would be “I have been saved, I am being saved, and I hope to be saved”.

  7. Tony Avatar

    Father Steven,
    Would you say that the Scriptures are really referring to this dynamic view of salvation when they declare that “Today is the day of salvation.”? So the sense is that our salvation is happening now at this present moment and every present moment of our lives. Could you speak to this? Thanks so much. God’s Blessings

  8. Fr. Daniel Findikyan Avatar
    Fr. Daniel Findikyan

    Dear Fr. Stephen,
    Thank you for today’s post and for all your good work, which I have recently started to follow. You remind us that sin is (for better of worse) a whole lot more complicated than simply wrong vs. right. I like St. Paul’s implied definition of sin in 1Cor 7:35 as anything that interferes with our “undivided devotion to the Lord.” Again, many thanks.

  9. Drewster2000 Avatar

    Michael B,

    Thank you for your words concerning the flight of the arrow. Well said. I was enlightened. They help me go from the traditional image of me being the archer to me actually being the arrow.

    I must be flexible while at the same time never forgetting where I’m headed. Once again a need for balance.

    much appreciated, drewster

  10. Helen Avatar

    I love the word “movement” instead of “change”. Movement honors the current state and motivates growth towards a better place. Change seems to discard/shame the current state.

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